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Verb

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Parts of Speech - Verb


A verb is a word which describes the action (by a person or a thing), an occurrence/event, or a state of existence. A verb is the most important word in a sentence. It is called Kriya in Hindi.

Sentence Examples:


  • Shreya is running.


Here the word 'running' is a verb which describes an action.


  • Radhika became a doctor today.


Here, the word 'became' is a verb which describes an occurrence.


  • Vedant is a lawyer.


Here, the word 'is' is a verb which describes a state of existence.

Types of Verb:


  • Action Verb:


An action verb is a word which describes action or possession.

Action verbs are of two types:


    • Transitive Verb: 


A transitive verb is a verb that has a noun, phrase or pronoun used with a direct or indirect object.

Sentence Example: Radhika loves toys.

Here, toys are an object and 'love' is the transition verb used with it. In this example, the love passes from Radhika (subject) to toys (object).


    • Intransitive Verb:


Intransitive Verb is the verb that does not have an object (neither direct nor indirect).

Sentence Example: Lavanya was dancing.

Here, 'dancing' is a verb with no direct or indirect object. The dance stops with Lavanya (subject) and does not pass over to any object.


  • Linking Verb:


As the name suggests, these verbs link the subject of a sentence to its predicate.

Words which may function as a linking verb: is, are, were, be, become, feel, seem, appear, remain, smell, sound

Sentence Example: Riya became a dancer.

Here, 'became' is the verb which links Riya (subject) to its predicate (dancer).

Sentence Example: She seems to be happy.

Here, 'seems' is the linking verb which connects She (subject) to be happy (predicate).


  • Auxiliary Verb/ Helping Verb:


As the name suggests, auxiliary or helping verbs are the words which help the main verb to form a grammatical meaning. The main verb with its helping verb is called a verb phrase.

Words which can function as an auxiliary verb: will, would, shall, should, may, must, could, ought

Sentence Example: Isha is going to India.

Here, 'going' is the main verb and 'is' is the auxiliary or helping verb.

Hope you find this article helpful!

If you have any question regarding this topic then please leave your query in the comment section below.

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