Weekly Vocabulary Dose Part - 5

Vocabulary, English, Study Notes for Competitive Exams like SBI, SSC, RRB, IBPS, LIC, careerneeti

Weekly Vocabulary Dose part-5 for competitive exams like SSC, IBPS, RRB, SBI, LIC, etc.

  • Ephemeral: lasting a very short time

    • Sentence Example: Fashions are ephemeral, new ones regularly drive out the old.

    • Synonyms: brief, deciduous, evanescent, flash, fleeting, fugacious, fugitive, impermanent, momentary, passing, short-lived, temporary, transient, transitory

    • Antonyms: ceaseless, dateless, deathless, endless, enduring, eternal, everlasting, immortal, lasting, long-lived, permanent, perpetual, timeless, undying, unending

  • Trivial: of little worth or importance, commonplace, ordinary

    • Sentence Example: The answers might be of trivial importance now, but someday it could be lifesaving.

    • Synonyms: fiddling, foolish, frivolous, incidental, inconsequential, inconsiderable, insignificant, little, Mickey Mouse, minor, minute, negligible, nugatory, slight, small, small-fry, trifling, unimportant

    • Antonyms: big, consequential, eventful, important, major, material, meaningful, momentous, significant, substantial, unfrivolous, weighty

  • Hypermnesia: abnormally vivid or complete memory or recall of the past

    • Sentence Example: The purpose of this study is to find out whether the repeated recall will produce hypermnesia.

  • Brobdingnagian: A giant

    • Sentence Example: The only sound she could hear was the flies buzzing around the Brobdingnagian piles of waste.

    • Synonyms: large, sizeable, of considerable size, substantial, considerable, great, huge, immense, enormous, extensive, colossal, massive, mammoth, vast, prodigious, tremendous, gigantic, giant, monumental, mighty, stupendous, gargantuan, elephantine, titanic, epic, mountainous, megalithic, monstrous

    • Antonyms: Bantam, bitty, diminutive, infinitesimal, Lilliputian, little bitty, micro, microminiature, microscopic, midget, miniature, minuscule, minute, pocket, pygmy, teensy, teensy-weensy, teeny, teeny-weeny, tiny, wee

  • Asperity: the roughness of manner or of temper, rigor, severity, the harshness of behavior or speech that expresses bitterness or anger

    • Sentence Example: I was trying to keep my asperity to a minimum, for his sake.

    • Synonyms: acerbity, acidity, acidness, acridity, acridness, acrimoniousness, acrimony, acuteness, bite, bitterness, edge, harshness, keenness, poignancy, poignancy, pungency, roughness, sharpness, tartness

    • Antonyms: mildness, softness

  • Prodigious:  causing amazement or wonder, extraordinary in bulk, quantity, or degree

    • Sentence Example: Her memory was prodigious.

    • Synonyms: amazing, astonishing, astounding, awesome, awful, eye-opening, fabulous, marvelous (or marvelous), miraculous, portentous, staggering, stunning, stupendous, sublime, surprising, wonderful, wondrous

    • Antonyms: unimpressive, uninspiring, unremarkable, boring, dull, jading, monotonous, tedious, tiring, uninspired, uninteresting, wearisome, weary, wearing

  • Valetudinarian: a person of a weak or sickly constitution; especially one whose chief concern is his or her ill health

    • Sentence Example: The English people are a nation of valetudinarians, but there is not sufficient nutriment in their food, which seems to consist mainly of chilled meat.

    • Synonyms: a hypochondriac, neurotic, invalid, valetudinary, sick person, case, sufferer, victim

    • Antonyms: powerful, strong, healthy, salubrious

  • Circadian: occurring in approximately 24-hour periods or cycles 

    • Sentence Example: Jet lag happens when the body's circadian rhythms are disrupted by changes in light.

    • Synonyms: daily, every day, occurring each day, occurring every day, day-to-day

    • Antonyms: irregular, unusual

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