IBPS Clerk 2019 - Apply online for 12075 vacancies

IBPS Clerk 2019, 12075 vacancies,, careerneeti logo

Institute of Banking Personnel Selection (IBPS) has invited applications for the Clerical cadre posts. This year there are 12075 vacancies for the clerical cadre.

Important Dates:

IBPS Clerk 2019 Exam Dates,

Educational Qualification:

  • Candidate must be a graduate from a recognized University.

Age Limit:

  • Minimum - 20 years 
  • Maximum - 28 years
(Relaxation in upper age limit is as per Government norms)

Application Fee:
  • For ST/SC/PWD/EXSM Candidates - Rs.100/-
  • For others - Rs.600/- 

Click Here to Apply

Click Here for Notification

Group of Seven Countries - G7 Countries

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Group of Seven Countries - G7 Countries:

Group of Seven (G7) is an organization of seven largest economies of the world namely Canada, France, Germany, Italy, Japan, United Kingdom, and the United States. Together they represent 58% of the global net wealth which is equal to $317 trillion. They also represent more than 46% of global GDP based on nominal value and more than 32% of global GDP on Purchasing Power Parity.  Let's see the data of the member countries:-


  • Prime Minister: Justin Trudeau
  • Population: 37.4 million
  • Gross Domestic Product (GDP): 1711.4 billion
  • Imports: 459.9 billion
  • Exports: 450.3 billion

United Kingdom:

  • Prime Minister: Boris Johnson
  • Population: 67.53 million
  • Gross Domestic Product (GDP): 2828.6 billion
  • Imports: 669.6 billion
  • Exports: 487.1 billion


  • Chancellor: Angela Merkel
  • Population: 83.5 million
  • Gross Domestic Product (GDP): 4000.4 billion
  • Imports: 1292.8 billion
  • Exports: 1562.5 billion


  • Prime Minister: Shinzo Abe
  • Population: 126.9 million
  • Gross Domestic Product (GDP): 4971.9 billion
  • Imports: 748.2 billion
  • Exports: 738.2 billion

United States:

  • Prime Minister: Donald Trump
  • Population: 329.1 million
  • Gross Domestic Product (GDP): 20,494.1 billion
  • Imports: 2611.4 billion
  • Exports: 1665.3 billion


  • President: Emmanuel Macron 
  • Population: 65.13 million
  • Gross Domestic Product (GDP): 2775.3 billion
  • Imports: 695.4 billion
  • Exports: 568.5 billion


  • Prime Minister: Giuseppe Conte (Acting)
  • Population: 60.55 million
  • Gross Domestic Product (GDP): 2072.2 billion
  • Imports: 499.3 billion
  • Exports: 543.5 billion

Source: KBK Infographics

Nature and Composition of Substances Quiz (Part - I)

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Chemistry questions are often asked in many exams like SSC CGL, Intelligence Bureau, and other various competitive exams so here are some chemistry questions to practice from the topic Nature and composition of substances (Part - I).

Q1. Who is known as the father of modern chemistry?


Q2. Who discovered transuranic elements?


Q3. Which among these is not an element?


Q4. Who stated that matter can be converted into energy?


Q5. Who stated the law of constant proportion?


Q6. Consider the following elements? 
 A. Copper 
 B. Gold 
 C. Platinum
 D. Silver
 Which of the following elements exists in free nature?

A and B
B and C
A, B, and D
C and D

Q7. The product of equivalent weight and valency of an element is equal to?

Vapour Density
Specific Heat
Atomic Weight
Molecular Weight

Q8. Milk is a/an?

None of the above

Q9. Which among the following is a pure element?

None of the above

Q10. Diamond is a/an?


Q11. Who introduced the M.K.S system?


Q12. A mixture of sand and naphthalene can be separated by?

Fractional Distillation
Any of them

Q13. Gas is found to have the formula (CO)n. Its vapor density is 70. The value of n must be?


Q14. The equivalent weight of the compound is the weight of it that combines with or displaces directly __?
 A. 1.008 part by weight of hydrogen
 B. 16 parts by weight of nitrogen
 C. 35.45 part by weight of chlorine.

 Which among the following statement is correct?

A, B, and C
A and B
B and C
A and C

Q15. A bar is a unit of?


Q16. Which among the following is not a mixture?


Q17. Oxygen and ozone are?


Q18. Which among the following mixture is homogeneous?

Starch and Sugar
Methanol and Water
Graphite and Charcoal
Calcium Carbonate and Calcium Bicarbonate

Q19. How many elements are there in Na?


Q20. How many molecules are there in 140 g of Si (the atomic mass of silicon is 28)?


Q21. What are the elements present in urea?

C, H, O
C, N, O
C, N, H
C, O, N, H

Hope you find this article helpful!

If you have any question regarding this topic then please leave your query in the comment section below.


Weekly Vocabulary Dose - Part 13

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Here's Weekly Vocabulary Dose Part-13 with word-meanings, examples, synonyms, and antonyms for exams like SSC, IBPS, SBI, LIC, RRB, RBI, etc.

  • Misnomer: the misnaming of a person in a legal instrument

    • Sentence Example: Morning sickness is a misnomer for many women since nausea can occur any time during the day.

    • Synonyms: baptismal name, Christian name, first name, forename, given name

    • Antonyms: accurate name, correct name

  • Ethereal: of or relating to the regions beyond the earth; celestial; heavenly

    • Sentence Example: Her delicate features accentuated her ethereal beauty.

    • Synonyms: bodiless, formless, immaterial, incorporeal, insubstantial, nonmaterial, nonphysical, spiritual, unbodied, unsubstantial

    • Antonyms: bodily, corporeal, material, physical, substantial

  • Brandish: to shake or wave (something, such as a weapon) menacingly

    • Sentence Example: He brandished a weapon and began firing on police as he ran across the street.

    • Synonyms: flourish, wave, display, disport, exhibit, expose, flash, flaunt, layout, parade, produce, show, show off, sport, strut, unveil

    • Antonyms: conceal, cover, curtain, enshroud, hide, obscure, occlude, occult, shroud, veil

  • Hiatus: pause or break in continuity in a sequence or activity.

    • Sentence Example: The bombing raids were resumed after a brief hiatus on Friday

    • Synonyms: breach, break, discontinuity, gap, gulf, hole, interstice, interval, opening, rent, rift, separation, void

    • Antonyms: continuation, continuity

  • Tortuous: marked by repeated twists, bends, or turns 

    • Sentence Example: The route is remote and tortuous.

    • Synonyms: bending, crazy, crooked, curled, curling, curved, curving, curvy, devious, serpentine, sinuous, twisted, twisting, winding, windy

    • Antonyms: straight, straightaway

  • Satiate: to satisfy (a need, a desire, etc.) fully or to excess

    • Sentence Example: Her curiosity satiated, she walked away without a backward glance.

    • Synonyms: full, replete, sated, satiated, stuffed, surfeited

    • Antonyms: empty, famished, hungry, starved, starving

  • Miscible: capable of being mixed

    • Sentence Example: Each of the glycols shown above is completely miscible with water.

  • Garniture: embellishment, trimming

    • Sentence Example: This set may have been an English soft-paste porcelain garniture.

    • Synonyms: adornment, beautifier, caparison, decoration, doodad, embellisher, embellishment, frill, garnish, garnishment, ornament, ornamentation, setoff, trim

    • Antonyms: blemish, defacement, disfigurement, scar, blot, spot, stain

  • Smite: to strike sharply or heavily especially with the hand or an implement held in the hand

    • Sentence Example: He smites the water with his sword.

    • Synonyms: bang, bash, bat, belt, biff, bludgeon, bob, bonk, bop, box, bust, clap, clip, clobber, clock, clout, crack, hammer, hit, knock, nail, paste, pound, punch, rap, slam, slap, slog, slug, smack, sock, strike, swat, swipe, tag, thump, thwack, wallop, whack, whale, zap

    • Antonyms: aid, acquit, amuse, repair

  • Plaintive: expressive of suffering or woe,  melancholy

    • Sentence Example: The songbirds had returned, but their calls sounded ever so plaintive and piteous.

    • Synonyms: aching, agonized, anguished, bemoaning, bewailing, bitter, deploring, doleful, dolesome, dolorous, funeral, grieving, heartbroken, lamentable, lugubrious, mournful, plangent, regretful, rueful, sorrowful, sorry, wailing, weeping, woeful

    • Antonyms: delighted, exulting, glorying, happy, joyful, rejoicing, triumphant, bright, cheerful, cheering, cheery, laughing, smiling, blissful, blithe, blithesome, buoyant


Biology Quiz - Botany and its Branches (Part II)

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Biology questions are often asked in many exams like SSC CGL, Intelligence Bureau, and other various competitive exams so here are some biology questions to practice from the topic Botany and its branches (Part - II).

Q1. Who is known as the father of Biology?


Q2. Who is known as the father of Zoology?


Q3. The term Biology is derived from which language?


Q4. Botany is also known as?


Q5. Who wrote the book Historia Animalium?


Q6. Phycology is the branch of botany in which we study about?


Q7. The branch of biology in which we study the relationship between the living and their environment is called?


Q8. Study of flowers is called?


Q9. Mycology is the branch of botany in which we study?


Q10. Which branch of agriculture is concerned with the production of the crops?


Q11. Spermology is the study of?

Pollen Grain

Q12. The distribution of plants on various parts of the earth is called?


Q13. Study of the pollen grain is called?


Q14. What are the study of external structure and their form called?


Q15. Which branch of agriculture is concerned with the study of the identification, nomenclature, and classification of an organism?


Q16. What is called the 'physical basis of life'?


Q17. What is the study of cultivation of ornamental and shrubs plant called?


Q18. Study of growing plants without soil in water containing nutrient is called?

None of the above

Q19. What is the study of the effect of light on various biological life process called?

None of the above

Hope you find this article helpful!

If you have any question regarding this topic then please leave your query in the comment section below.


66th National Film Awards

National Film Awards 2018-19,, Careerneeti Logo

The 66th National Film Awards were announced by Rahul Rawail, head of the Jury for feature films. The announcement of National Awards was held at Shastri Bhawan in New Delhi. 

 Here’s the complete list of awards:

  • Most film-friendly state: Uttarakhand

  • Best book on cinema: Malayalam Book Mano Prarthana Pulley; In A Cult Of Their Own gets Special Mention

  • Best Film Critic: Blase Johnny (Malayalam), Ananth Vijay (Hindi)


  • Best Film on Family Values: Chalo Jeete Hain

  • Best Short Fiction Film: Kharvas

  • Social Justice Film: Why Me

  • Best Investigation Film: Amoli

  • Best Sports Film: Swimming Through The Darkness

  • Best Educational Film: Sarala Virala

  • Best Film on Social Issue: Taala Te Kunjee

  • Best Environmental Film: The World's Most Famous Tiger

  • Best Promotional Film: Rediscovering Jajam

  • Best Film on Science and Technology: G.D.Naidu: The Edison Of India

  • Best Arts and Cultural Film: Bunkar: The Last of The Varanasi Weavers

  • Best Debut Non-Feature Film of a Director: Sagnik Chatterjee for Feluda_50 Years Rays Detective

  • Best Non-Feature Film: Sunrise, The Secret Life of Frogs


  • Actors who get a special mention for their performance: Sruthi Hariharan, Chandrachud Rai, Josy Joseph, Savitri

  • Best Rajasthani Film: Turtle

  • Best Pangchenpa Film: In The Land Of Poison Women

  • Best Garo Film: Ma'ama

  • Best Marathi Film: Bhonga

  • Best Tamil Film: Baaram

  • Best Hindi Film: Andhadhun

  • Best Urdu Film: Hamid

  • Best Bengali Film: Ek Je Chhilo Raja

  • Best Malayalam Film: Sudani From Nigeria

  • Best Telugu Film: Mahanati

  • Best Kannada Film: Nathicharami

  • Best Konkani Film: Amori

  • Best Assamese Film: Bulbul Can Sing

  • Best Punjabi Film: Harjeeta

  • Best Gujarati Film: Reva

  • Best Choreography: Kruti Mahesh Midya and Jyothi D Tommaar for Ghoomar, Padmaavat

  • Best Music Director: Padmaavat

  • Best Special Effect: Awe, KGF

  • Best Music Direction: Sanjay Leela Bhansali for Padmaavat

  • Best Background Music Award: Uri: The Surgical Strike

  • Best Makeup Artist: Ranjith for Awe

  • Best Costume Designer: Rajshree Patnaik, Gaurang Shah and Archana Rao for Mahanati

  • Best Action: KGF: Chapter 1

  • Best Lyrics: Nathicharami

  • Best Production Design: Kammara Sambhavam

  • Best Editing: Nathicharami

  • Best Audiography: Tendlya, Uri, and Rangasthalam

  • Best Sound Design: Uri

  • Best Mixed Track: Rangasthalam

  • Best Original Screenplay: Chi La Sow

  • Best Adapted Screenplay: Andhadhun

  • Best Dialogue: Tarikh

  • Best Cinematography: Olu (Malayalam) to MJ Radhakrishnan

  • Best Female Playback Singer: Bindu Mani for Mayavi Manave from Nathicharami

  • Best Male Playback Singer: Arijit Singh for Binte Dil from Padmaavat

  • Best Film on Social Issues: Pad Man

  • Best Supporting Actress: Surekha Sikri for Badhaai Ho

  • Best Supporting Actor: Swanand Kirkire for Chumbak

  • Best Actor: Ayushmann Khurrana, Andhadhun, and Vicky Kaushal, Uri

  • Best Actress: Keerthy Suresh for Mahanati

  • Best Direction: Aditya Dhar for Uri

  • Best Feature Film: Hellaro (Gujarati)

  • Best Children's Film: Sarkari. Hi. Pra. Shale Kasaragodu, Koduge

  • Best Child Actors: PV Rohith for Ondalla Eradalla (Kannada), Sameep Singh for Harjeeta (Punjabi), Talha Arshad Reshi for Hamid (Urdu), Shrinivas Pokale for Naal(Marathi)

  • Best Film on Environment Conservation: Paani

  • Nargis Dutt Award for National Integration: Ondalla Eradalla

  • Best Popular Film Providing Wholesome Entertainment: Badhaai Ho

  • Jury Awards: Kedara (Bengali), Hellaro (Gujarati)

  • Indira Gandhi Award for Best Debut Film of A Director: Sudhakar Reddy Yakanthi for Naal


Operating System

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In our daily life, we are using a computer and discuss Windows XP, 7, 10, etc. so many times. Have you ever wonder what is this Windows? This window is nothing but an operating system. In today's article, we are going to discuss a different type of computer operating systems.

As a user, you ask your computer to work on several tasks and the computer does it for you. In our earlier article, we have already discussed the basics of computer and if you remember that, the computer is made of nothing but different hardware. If you want to refresh the basic of computer click here. Now any computer CPU can understand only binary language ( we will discuss it in our other article) that means 1 and 0. As a user, you never provide your instruction in the form of binary language. You mostly give it with either some keyboard command or with some mouse clicks. Ever wonder how your instruction gets converted to binary language for the computer to work. This where the operating system comes into play. So a computer operating system works as an Interface between you (User) and the Computer Hardware. But Operating system not just work as an Interface it handles a lot of other tasks too, keep reading and I will share with you all those.

The earlier operating system was mostly command-based, that means you will have a command prompt or terminal, where you have to write different commands for any task. Some of the Command based operating systems are DOS, UNIX(Some older version) like AIX, etc. Modern Days operating systems are much easier and mostly GUI based (Graphical User Interface) e.g. Windows XP, 7, 10, UBUNTU, Fedora, Red-HAT Linux, Android, Mac-OS, I-OS. Some of the above mentioned operating systems are used in Mobile phones like Android and I-OS.

Some of the most important tasks performed by the Operating System are:

  1. Memory Management.
  2. Processor Management.
  3. Device Management.
  4. File Management.
  5. Security.
  6. Job Management.
  7. System Performance Management.
  8. Error Handling
Let's discuss some of the above-mentioned tasks in detail now.

  • Memory Management: An Operating system manages primary memory (Main Memory). If you want to learn about Computer memory check our other article here. Primary memory is made up of an array of bytes, where every byte has one address allocated to it. Just like our Society or Colony, where each house has an address. Operating System (OS) keeps track of all these memory addresses like which program is using which address and what are the available address. Whenever any program asks for some memory for calculation, it sends the request to the OS and OS assigned the program appropriate address to the available memory. Once the program is over OS makes sure to clean up the memory so that it can get used by another program.

  • Process Management: In a multiprogramming environment, OS is responsible for the allocation of the processor (CPU) to a different program, so that multiple tasks can be completed in a short time. OS decides which program will get the processor for how long thus maintain the multiprogramming environment.  

  • Device Management: OS manages different devices through their drivers in the Computer. For example, if you connect any speaker to the computer, and play any song in your computer OS manage your speaker through the sound driver install in your computer. If you have multiple music players installed on your computer and you play songs in those, your OS will manage the speaker for different music player program.

  • File Management: Every OS has its own File System, a File System is nothing but the way of organizing files inside your computer like Folders, text file, etc. OS is responsible to maintain the Files like the location, size, status, etc. OS save your file to the secondary memory and decides who get the resources.

  • Security: OS maintain the security of the computer using user id and password. It also prevents unauthorized access to the computer by providing with different level of security.

Apart from the above-discussed tasks, OS is responsible for a lot of other tasks too like Error Handling, Performance management, etc. With every update in the Operating system, the life of a User is getting easier. We cannot imagine working on the computer without an operating system.

Hope you find this article helpful!

If you have any question regarding this topic then please leave your query in the comment section below.


Computer Memory

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In some of our earlier article, we have discussed the Invention of Computer and some basics components of the computer. If you have missed those, I will highly recommend you to check those. Click here to land on our computer page. In this article, we are going to discuss the memory of Computers. You might have already seen lots of questions asked in past in different type of competitive exams like SSC, IBPS, RRB, etc. 

Computer memory is almost similar to our memory. For example, when we are calculating some maths problem in our head we keep some of the data information in our memory and use those during the calculation. Similarly, Computer also needs data to be stored in some kind of memory which the CPU can access during the calculation.

On a very high level, computer memory can be divided into two types.

  1. Volatile Memory.
  2. Non-Volatile Memory.
Volatile Memory is that kind of memory which can store data only while having a power supply. Once the power supply is off, the memory will be cleaned up. CPU Cache memory and RAM (Random Access Memory) are a volatile memory.

  • Cache Memory: Cache Memory is some small memory which exists inside the CPU, this memory is some semiconductor memory lies inside CPU and very fast. CPU uses this memory to store temporary and repetitive data needed for the calculation. Operating system transferred data or information from Secondary memory to cache memory, so that CPU can access data or information required easily and fast.
    • Advantage:
      • Cache memory is faster than other computer memory
      • CPU required a very short time to transfer data from cache memory.
    • Disadvantage:
      • Cache memory is very expensive.
      • Cache memory is very small in size and volatile.
  • Primary Memory: Random Access Memory (RAM) and Read-Only Memory (ROM) are considered as primary memory of Computers. These are also the volatile type of memory and gets cleaned up upon power off. Generally, a computer can have RAM sizes varies from 128MB to 16 GB. A computer can not runs without RAM. These are semiconductor memories and slower than the Cache memory.
    • Advantage:
      • These are generally cheaper than Cache memory.
      • These are semiconductor memory.
      • It is the working memory of the computer.
    • Disadvantage:
      • These are a volatile memory.
      • Expensive than Secondary memory.
Non-Volatile Memory is that kind of memory which exists even without power supply. These type of memory ate generally magnetic or optical memory. Data can be stored permanently in this memory.

  • Secondary Memory: This memory is where data and instruction get stored permanently. Secondary memory is used by the Operating system to transferred stored data into Primary memory like RAM/ROM to be used by the CPU. This memory is slower than the primary memory but non-volatile. Secondary memory is also cheaper compared to RAM or Cache memory. This memory is based on magnetic or optical memory. For example, Hard Disk Drive(HDD), CD-ROM, USB drive, etc.
    • Advantage:
      • These are Cheaper than the other two memory.
      • Non-volatile
      • bigger in Size.
    • Disadvantage:
      • Slower than the other two memory.

Hope you find this article helpful!

If you have any question regarding this topic then please leave your query in the comment section below.


Important Dates and Days in July

Important Days and Dates in July,, careerneeti logo

Here is the list of Important Days and Dates in the month of July. Generally National and International Days are often asked in exams like SSC, SBI, IBPS, RRB, RBI, LIC, and other competitive exams.

  • July 1st - National Doctor's Day

  • July 1st - National Post Worker's Day

  • July 1st - Canada Day

  • July 1st - National Chartered Accountant's Day

  • July 2nd - World UFO Day

  • July 4th - Independence Day of USA

  • July 6th - International Day of Cooperatives

  • July 6th - World Zoonoses Day

  • July 11th - National Population Day

  • July 15th - World Youth Skill Day

  • July 18th - Nelson Mandela's Day

  • July 24th - National Thermal Engineer Day

  • July 26th - Kargil Vijay Diwas

  • July 28th - World Hepatitis Day

  • July 29th - International Tiger Day

  • July 30th - International Day of Friendship 

  • July 30th - World Day Against Trafficking in Persons



IBPS PO/MT 2019 Notification - Apply Online

IBPS PO/MT 2019 Apply Online, Cn,

IBPS has invited applications for the recruitment of Probationary Officers/ Management Trainees.

Important Dates:

  • Starting Date of Online Registration: 07-08-2019 
  • Last Date of Online Registration: 28-08-2019
  • Download of Pre-exam Training Call Letters: September 2019
  • Conduct of Pre-exam Training: 23-09-2019 to 28-09-2019
  • Download of Call Letters: October 2019
  • Online Prelims Examination: 12-10-2019, 13-10-2019, 19-10-2019 and 20-10-2019
  • Result of Prelims: October/ November 2019
  • Download of Call Letters for Mains Exam: November 2019
  • Online Mains Exams: 30-11-2019
  • Result of Mains Exams: December 2019
  • Download of Call Letters for Interview: January 2020
  • Conduct of Interview: Jan/ Feb 2020
  • Provisional Allotment: April 2020

Age Limit:

  • Minimum: 20 years
  • Maximum: 30 years

(Relaxation in age limit is applicable as per government norms)

Educational Qualification:

  • Candidate must be graduate from a recognized University.

Application Fee:

  • For SC/ST/PWBD Candidates: Rs. 100/- (plus intimation charges)
  • For others: Rs. 600/-  (plus intimation charges)